Empowerment Of Fishermen Household Saptagon Accessibilities To Solve Their Poverty
AbstractAccepted on August, 15 2007, Approved on January, 10 2008 The objectives of the study are: (1) to analyze fisherman household responses through the empowerment of saptagon accessibilities, (2) to choose a policy that can be used for developing the prosperity of poor fishermen household and the management of the sustainability fishery resources. The research uses a survey method and PRA (Poverty Rapid Appraisal), primary data are collected from fishermen household respondents using Participatory Poverty Assessment (PPA) and Sustainable Livelihood Approach (SLA). Quantitative and qualitative data are analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The results of the research show: (1) the condition of fishermen human resources quality are (a) orderly, the highest rank is the quality of Master (Juragan) human resources, then Traders (Pedagang) and the lowest rank is the member of ship crews (ABK), (b) the skill and occupation of the fishermenâ€™s wives are an important factor that affect to the increasing income of the poor fishermen household, (c) the quality of human resources closely related to the improvement of all aspects in fishermen household saptagon accessibilities for increasing their prosperity. (2) The strengthening saptagon accessibilitiesâ€™ policies are: (a) be influential towards the repair of income and prosperity of fishermen household, (b) be implemented through training for the ship crews of fishermen household about: (i) vocational skill on ship engineering for fishermen, (ii) the alternative livelihood for fishermenâ€™s wives, (iii) supporting of participatory budgeting within the implementation of PEMDAâ€™s budgeting. (3) The strengthening saptagon accessibilitiesâ€™ policies are conducted by way of: (a) Social accessibility through reinforcing of Mutual Bussiness Community, (b) human resources accessibility through in- land vocational skill for the housewives in the activity of land alternative livelihood, (c) the environmental friendly technology accessibility through reinforcing of fishermenâ€™s vocational skill for fishing activity, (d) financial accessibility locally through reinforcing the finance institution of coastal area society, (e) nature resources accessibility through licensing affirmation and cooperation in management of fishery resources, (f) marketing accessibility through reinforcing of Mutual Business Community (KUB) within partnership business for affirmation of local economy, and (g) political accessibility through reinforcing participatory budgeting skill which is interconnected in implementation of strengthening community development through regional government (PEMDA) budgeting. Keywords: saptagon accessibilities, fishermen household empowerment, poverty.
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